Are international funds worth it ?!

By | January 27, 2010

In simple terms international funds are funds that are invested in global markets. International funds come in many packages and it is always better to understand them before taking the plunge. In India it was in the year 2007 that the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) announced that mutual funds could increase their investment ceiling in foreign securities.

There are some investors who lost almost their fortunes investing in international funds in the year 2008! After all, the global economic crisis was at its worse during this year! But 2009 was a big relief! The reasons are galore: in 2009 the overall average emerging markets funds returns grew by 76.1 percent! As far as India is concerned, the stronger banking system and comparatively less exposure of Indian companies to toxic funds and the increased foreign institutional investors (FIIs) investment to the tune of Rs.84, 266 crore in 2009, which was much more than what they pulled when the global crisis hit India, helped a lot!

All these and many more factors have put India along with China on the road to recovery quicker than other economies! So does this mean that investing in international funds in 2010 would be equally fruitful? It might not be that easy to say so! There are many factors to consider before any conclusion is made! But before that we should understand in the first place what is meant by international funds? And how good are they in terms of returns? What are its types? And what about the risk factors associated with it? And finally should you invest in these funds? Let’s find out.

What are international funds?

In simple terms international funds are funds that are invested in global markets. International funds come in many packages and it is always better to understand them before taking the plunge. In India it was in the year 2007 that the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) announced that mutual funds could increase their investment ceiling in foreign securities to $5 billion. At the time in the same year 12 international funds were launched.

Types of international funds

Basically international funds are of two types: one that abides by the income tax rules in the country and invests partly that is 65 percent in Indian markets and the remaining in foreign markets. Funds like the Fidelity International Opportunities Fund and ICICI Prudential Indo Asia Equity Fund fall in this category. Also, funds like Fortis China India Fund and Mirae Asset China Advantage Fund invest only in one country (China) other than India.

The second type of international funds is just the opposite that is the entire corpus is invested in international markets either through their foreign source companies or directly. Funds like Birla Sun Life International Equity Fund and HSBC Emerging Markets Fund belong to this category.

Returns from these funds

In 2009 the global trend of international funds were mixed with emerging economies leading the rally. Take for example, the stock markets in India and Brazil registered more than decent growth. From 9.56 percent growth in 2004 the SENSEX in India touched a growth of 68.11 percent in 2009. Similarly the BOVESPA in Brazil grew from 16.71 percent growth in 2004 to 50.83 percent growth in 2009. The other stock markets that recorded significant growths in 2009 included SHANGHAI in China (54.07 percent), HANG SENG of Hong Kong (44.26 percent), and the IPC in Mexico (28.77).

As far as the returns from these funds are considered the compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of indices shows that while the returns from DOW JONES in the U.S was in the negative at -1 percent, the returns from SENSEX in India and BOVESPA in Brazil was +19.71 percent and +19.25 percent respectively.

Risks of these funds

Risk of currency performance: The performance of  mutual funds depends on the quality of the fund management and international funds are no exception. However, international funds are denominated in the US dollar and hence open to currency risk. That is if you take into consideration only the performance of the Indian unit in rupee against the US greenback and not other factors the depreciation or appreciation of INR against the US dollar could positively or negatively impact your investment in international funds. Also, while investing international funds in different countries they are initially converted into dollars and then into local currencies. And upon redemption these funds are converted first into dollars and then to INR.

International funds are invested in other economies as well and hence much also depends on the fund manager’s expertise in handling international funds as not only the INR-US dollar equation is considered but also the greenback’s performance against other Asian currencies.

Geographical risk: Some international funds invest in just one country against investing in a group of countries. The risk factor in this type of investment is a mixed bag. For example, if the economy of the country in which the funds are invested nosedives due to several micro- and macro-economic problems the fund is at a risk of losing out on performance. However, if the economy of that particularly country is doing good because of stronger basics then this type of fund will stand to gain.

Should you invest in these funds?

Diversification of your mutual fund portfolio is definitely a better way to secure your investments and increase returns but investing in international funds calls for some understanding and expert guidance. You could perhaps begin with diversification of your investment portfolio within India, understand the game and then if willing cross the borders. In international funds investment the word diversification is not limited to its mere conventional sense but encompasses a wider meaning that spans geographical, political, and socio-economic and market conditions in the countries of investment!

Experts are divided if investing in international funds would prove to be as beneficial as it was last year! So the best thing would be to first understand these factors and then ask yourself if you would need to go for international investment in the first place! Also, if you are a staunch believer in the resilience of Indian markets and economy you could simply stay at home. All in all, if you choose to cross the border to invest do it with care and expert guidance.

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2 thoughts on “Are international funds worth it ?!

    1. Team BankBazaar

      Hi there!

      Thanks for stopping by.

      Team BankBazaar


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