# How To Use A Fixed Deposit Calculator

By | November 23, 2017

Stumped by the interest calculations on your Fixed Deposits? Here’s your guide to understanding how the interest is calculated.

If you’ve always wondered how the interest calculations on your Fixed Deposits are done, then this guide will help you make sense of all those pesky numbers. We’ll also show you how to use a Fixed Deposit calculator.

As you might know, Fixed Deposits are safe investment options for all those who are risk-averse and not too adventurous with their financial investments. A Fixed Deposit is a popular investment option if you are looking for a financial product that safeguards your capital and provides good returns as well.

## Let’s talk returns

If you are investing in Fixed Deposits, you must remember that the returns will not be exponential. A Fixed Deposit gives you lower returns than, for instance, investments in ELSS Mutual Funds. On the bright side though, Fixed Deposits (FDs) are one of the safest investment options around even though the taxes can be a bit on the higher side.

## What is the present interest rate on Fixed Deposits?

At present, the interest rate offered on bank Fixed Deposits is between 5% – 7.5% for regular depositors and an additional 0.5% for senior citizens. Note that company deposits might provide higher returns than bank deposits.

Some banks may offer special interest rates on Fixed Deposits. These are usually for unusual tenures such as 555, 1001 days etc. It always helps to look around for the best rates offered.

Wondering how the interest on your FD is calculated? Let’s begin with a little lesson on simple and compound interest.

## Simple Interest Simplified

Simple interest is calculated on the initial Fixed Deposit amount only. How is simple interest calculated?

Let’s give you an example.

FD amount: Rs. 1,00,000
FD tenure: 3 years
Interest rate: 10% p.a.

## The math is very simple

Year 1: Rs. 1,00,000 x 10% = Rs. 10,000
Year 2: Same thing…Rs. 1,00,000 x 10% = Rs. 10,000
Year 3: Yes, again! Rs. 1,00,000 x 10% = Rs. 10,000

Total interest earned in 3 years: Rs. 30,000

Ta da! Maturity amount: Rs. 1,00,000 + Rs. 30,000 = Rs. 1,30,000

## Decoding Compound Interest

Compound interest is much like interest on interest. Interest is calculated on the principal and the interest earned on the principal.

## Getting down to the numbers

Year 1: Rs. 1,00,000 x 10% = Rs. 10,000 (Principal + Interest = Rs.1,10,000)
Year 2: Rs. 1,10,000 x 10% = Rs. 11,000 (Principal + Interest = Rs.1,11,000)
Year 3: Rs. 1,11,000 x 10% = Rs. 11,100.

Total interest earned in 3 years: Rs. 32,100.

Maturity value on payout after 3 years: Rs. 1,32,100, which is higher than what you would have got if it was simple interest.

You must understand that this concept is explained in a simple manner here, but is much more complicated when you include how often the interest is going to compound (that is, how often is interest on interest going to be calculated). Compounding of interest can happen annually, semi-annually, quarterly or monthly. Banks usually calculate interest on a quarterly basis.

## Now, let’s tell you how to use a Fixed Deposit calculator

Do calculations make you cranky? Don’t fret! You can calculate your Fixed Deposit returns with an FD Calculator. There are only three simple steps.

• Enter the deposit amount into the calculator
• The tenure of your deposit
• Enter the interest rate the bank is offering

Hit calculate and find out your maturity amount in seconds. It’s that simple!

## Why Use A Fixed Deposit calculator?

It’s almost effortless. With an FD calculator, you can save time and since it’s really simple, you don’t need to break into a sweat.

Want to try your hand at the calculator? You know you want to!

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Category: Fixed Deposits

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## 2 thoughts on “How To Use A Fixed Deposit Calculator”

1. VED PRAKASH

What is the maturity value of Rs. 500/ deposited as fixed deposit in 1977 in an Indian post office in 2018?

What is the maturity value of Rs. 500/ deposited as fixed deposit in 1997 in an Indian post office in 2018?

What is the maturity value of Rs. 500/ deposited as security amount by a central govt. employee in 1977 on the written directions of his/her department in an Indian post office in 2018?

What is the maturity value of Rs. 500/ deposited as security amount by a central govt. employee in 1997 on the written directions of his/her department in an Indian post office in 2018?

1. Team BankBazaar

Hi Ved, We suggest that you contact India Post for the values as the interest rates back then may have been different from what they are now. Cheers, Team BankBazaar