If you’re in the 30% tax bracket, you’ll need to do more tax planning than those in the lower tax brackets. Want to cut down on taxes? Here’s help.
When you are in the highest tax bracket, which is 30%, you might feel the pinch of taxes if you don’t plan for them well in advance. Also, because the Rs. 1.5 lakh deduction under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act is not going to be enough at all, you need to plan those investments first and get them out of the way. Here are some of the investments that you could consider.
If you’re in the highest tax bracket, you have no choice but to exhaust your 80C limit. But careful planning can help maximise returns from these investments under Section 80C in the long run. Also, some investments are more suited to those with high income. Here are some of the best investments under 80C for the rich.
If you are in the highest tax bracket and have high disposable income, Equity Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS) of Mutual Funds are ideal for you. Even though these come with higher risks, you will get good returns in the long run. These funds usually manage to beat inflation by a wide margin when you remain invested for 5 or more years. Consider this: the 5-year return of Axis Long Term Equity Fund, which is an ELSS, stands at 21.7%, which is almost 3 times the amount you will get from your Provident Fund.
The top 10 ELSS funds have given an average return of 18.4% in the last 5 years. You can choose to invest in Mutual Funds directly through the Asset Management Companies (AMC). This will help you save on the commission paid to agents which is part of the cost involved in buying these funds.
United Linked Insurance Plan (ULIP) is a product that combines insurance as well as investment for better returns and benefits. A part of the money you invest in ULIPs will go towards investments in Mutual Funds while the other part will take care of your insurance cover. This will, of course, be done after charges for the investment have been deducted. With limits being placed on ULIP charges, you can be sure that the insurance firm isn’t charging you a bomb. Also, online ULIP plans are cheap as opposed to the ones you get offline. Most insurance firms offer 5-6 funds that you can invest in. These will include equity and debt funds.
Just like ELSS, ULIP will have a lock-in period of 3 years. However, you will be allowed to switch between the funds. So, if you feel the fund you invested in is underperforming, you can switch to another. Most firms allow you to switch free of cost for the first 6 switches. The charge per switch (after the free ones) is usually nominal (mostly Rs. 50 – Rs.300). ULIPs might be better than pure term plans for young earners with less or no dependents.
Public Provident Fund (PPF) is one of the most tax-efficient investments in India. It comes under the Exempt-Exempt-Exempt or EEE category. This is because this investment is exempt from tax and the same is true for the interest earned and the maturity amount. Currently, the interest rate for PPF is 8% and will be compounded on an annual basis. You cannot open a joint account and the maturity period is 15 years. You can, however, take a loan against your PPF and withdraw from it under certain circumstances such as for medical expenses and education.
The National Pension Scheme (NPS) comes under the Exempt-Exempt-Taxable category and is a good investment for high net-worth individuals. The contribution to NPS and the interest earned on it are tax-free. However, the 40% of the maturity amount will be taxable. But if you use the total withdrawal amount to buy an annuity, you needn’t pay any tax. You can claim a tax deduction of up to Rs. 1.5 lakh in a financial year if you make contributions to NPS.
Since the maximum deduction allowed is 10% of salary, this investment is ideal for those earning high income. You can also claim an additional contribution of Rs. 50,000 made to NPS. This is over and above the Rs. 1.5 lakh and will come under Section 80CCD (1B). The employer’s contribution to your NPS can be also be claimed as deduction. However, the amount is restricted to 10% of your salary. You can even contribute to your NPS account using your Credit Card.
You can claim the premium paid for the Health Insurance policy taken in your name as well the names of your spouse and dependent children. You can claim deductions of up to Rs. 40,000. If you take insurance in the name of your parents (it could be for your mother or father or both), you can claim an additional deduction of Rs. 15,000 (if they are less than 60 years old) and Rs. 20,000 (if they are more than 60 years of age). Under this section, you can claim the costs incurred for your preventive medical check-up, but the limit is set at Rs. 5,000.
Under this section, you can claim the interest paid on your Education Loan as deduction. You can claim this deduction for as many as 8 years. The best part is that there is no restriction on the amount that you can claim under this section.
Under Section 80DD, you can claim deduction for treatment of handicapped dependent relatives. For disability between 40% and 80%, the deduction will be Rs. 75,000 and if the disability is over 80%, you can claim a deduction of up to Rs. 1.25 lakhs.
Under Section 80DDB, you can claim deductions for medical treatment of specified illnesses such as Parkinson’s disease. This could be for yourself or a dependent relative. The limit is set at Rs. 40,000. You need a certificate from a doctor to claim this deduction. If you are a senior citizen, you can claim up to Rs. 80,000.
This section covers the interest portion of your Home Loan. You can claim interest of up to Rs. 2 lakhs for your self-occupied home. You can claim this deduction only after the house is completed and it needs to be completed within 3 years of taking the loan. You can claim pre-construction interest that you paid (as pre-EMI) after the house is completed.
If you didn’t know, you can claim the principal portion of your Home Loan under Section 80C. This interest is claimed on an accrual basis. This means that even if no payment is made, the deduction can be claimed. Note that now notional rent is not applicable for a second self-occupied property. This is precisely the reason why many high net-worth individuals go for a second home.
Additional reading: Home Loan Handbook: All Questions Answered
Always plan your taxes at the start of the financial year so that your cash flows are in order. It will be better for you to make provisions for taxation so that your disposable income is not spent out of turn. If you have limited financial knowledge and time, take the help of a financial expert. Always have your investments documented for future use. We are sure that with these pointers you can save a ton on taxes while ensuring that your investments keep earning money.